口譯常用的速記符號大匯總

日期:2020-06-05 10:25:50 / 人氣: / 發布者:譯聲翻譯公司 / 關鍵詞: 口譯速記符號 速記符號

        速記符號是在口譯過程中輔助譯者記憶和進行翻譯的工具,具有非常鮮明的個性化的特點,沒有辦法規定是否正確,只能決定在口譯工作中是否適用。速記符號遵循著“效率第一”的原則,其樣式多種多樣,比如英文縮寫,箭頭,波浪線,數字,漢字偏旁,化學符號,物理公式等。掌握一定的速記符號,可以在口譯工作中節省一定的時間。

  口譯筆記速記符號歸總

  1. Note-taking symbols and abbreviations for your reference:

  Abbreviations in Note taking

  Use only the abbreviations that fit your needs and that you will remember easily. A good idea is to

  introduce only a few abbreviations into your note taking at a time.

  Symbols helpful in math -- these are commonly used in texts and references.

  S = sum

  f = frequency

  Leave out periods in standard abbreviations.

  cf = compare

  e.g. = example

  dept = department

  Use only the first syllable of a word.

  pol = politics

  dem = democracy

  lib = liberal

  cap = capitalism

  Use entire first syllable and only 1st letter of 2nd syllable.

  pres = presentation

  subj = subject

  ind = individual

  cons = conservative

  Eliminate final letters. Use just enough of the word to form a recognizable abbreviation.

  assoc = associate

  biol = biology

  info = information

  ach = achievement

  chem = chemistry

  max = maximum

  intro = introduction

  conc = concentration

  min = minimum

  rep = repetition

  Omit vowels, retain only enough consonants to give a recognizable skeleton of the word.

  ppd = prepared

  prblm = problem

  estmt = estimate

  bkgd = background

  gvt = government

  Use an apostrophe in place of letters.

  am't = amount

  cont'd = continued

  gov't = government

  educat'l = educational

  Form the plural of a symbol or abbreviated word by adding s.

  chpts = chapters

  egs = examples

  fs = frequencies

  intros = introductions

  Use g to represent ing endings.

  ckg = checking

  estg = establishing

  decrg = decreasing

  exptg = experimenting

  Spell out short words such as in, at, to, but, for, and key.

  Abbreviations or symbols for short words will make the notes too dense with shorthand.

  Leave out unimportant words.

  Leave out the words a and the.

  If a term, phrase, or name is written out in full during the lecture, substitute initials whenever the

  term, phrase, or name is used again. For example, Center for Aerospace Sciences becomes CAS

  thereafter.

  Use symbols for commonly recurring connective or transitional words.

  & = and

  w/ = with

  w/o = without

  vs = against

  \ = therefore

  = = is or equal

  Use technical symbols where applicable.

  zb = German, for example

  ibid = Latin, the same work

  o = degrees

  H2O = water

  More reference:

  Use standard maths, accounting, and science symbols. Examples:

  + plus

  // parallel

  Use standard abbreviations and leave out full stops. Examples:

  eg example

  IT dept Information Technology department

  UK United Kingdom

  Use only the first syllable of a word. Examples:

  mar marketing

  cus customer

  cli client

  Use the entire first syllable and the first letter of the second syllable. Examples:

  subj subject

  budg budget

  ind individual

  To distinguish among various forms of the same word, use the first syllable of the word, an

  apostrophe, and the ending of the word. Examples:

  tech'gy technology

  gen'ion generalisation

  del'y delivery

  Use just enough of the beginning of a word to form a recognisable abbreviation. Examples:

  assoc associated

  ach achievement

  info information

  Omit vowels from the middle of words, retaining only enough consonants to provide a

  recognisable skeleton of the word. Examples:

  bkgd background

  mvmt movement

  prblm problem

  Form the plural of a symbol or abbreviated word by adding 's.' Examples:

  custs customers

  fs frequencies

  /s ratios

  Use 'g' to represent 'ing' endings. Examples:

  decrg decreasing

  ckg checking

  estblg establishing

  Spell out, rather than abbreviate short words. Examples:

  in

  but

  as

  key

  Leave out unimportant verbs. Examples:

  is

  was

  were

  Leave out unnecessary articles. Examples:

  a

  an

  the

  If a term, phrase, or name is initially written out in full during the talk or meeting, initials can be

  substituted whenever the term, phrase, or name is used again. Example:

  January Advertising Campaign Budget JACB

  Use symbols for common connective or transition words. Examples:

  @ at

  2 to

  4 for

  & and

  w/ with

  w/o without

  vs against

  Create your own set of abbreviations and symbols. You may wish to develop separate sets of

  symbols and abbreviations for different courses or subjects.

  Other Symbols and Abbreviations

  as a result of / consequences of <--->

  resulting in --->

  and / also +

  equal to / same as =

  following ff

  most importantly *

  less than <

  greater than > especially esp/

  一、 縮略詞

  英語當中縮略詞使用的頻率很高,如IMP: important, ASAP: as soon as possible。很顯然如果

  能熟練掌握縮略詞,會對考試大有裨益。

  縮略詞的寫法一般為四種方式:

  F 拿掉所有元音

  MKT: market

  MGR: manager

  MSG: message

  STD: standard

  RCV: receive

  F 保留前幾個字母

  INFO information

  INS insurance

  EXCH exchange

  I owe you IOU

  In stead of I/O

  F 保留開頭和結尾個發音字母

  WK week

  RM room

  PL people

  F 根據發音

  R are

  THO though

  THRU through

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    翻譯領域相關問答
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    問:你們是怎么進行翻譯的?
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    問:是否提供上門翻譯服務?
    答:對于口譯項目,一定可以。對于筆譯項目,我們建議客戶不采用這樣的方式。因為翻譯工作是一項需要團隊合作的工作,我們有許多保密性很強的專業詞匯庫和語料庫不能帶出公司,因此,譯員上門翻譯,效果不一定是最好的,且會收取一定的上門服務費。但客戶實在需要,我們一定會配合。
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    問:為什么以“字符數(不計空格)”為統計標準而不是“字數”或者“中文字符和朝鮮語單詞”?
    答:以“字符數(不計空格)”已經普遍成為翻譯行業字數統計的標準。在進行文章的字數統計之前,我們建議客戶或者自動刪去不必要進入統計的英文字符。剩下的漢字部分,包括標點符號和上下標都需要進入字數統計。因為我們處理的文章作為整體,標點符號是可以決定句子意思的元素,也就是說我們同樣將標點符號的意思考慮進譯文中了?;瘜W式,數學公式上下標細節我們也都會考慮,并負責耐心的在譯文中準確的書寫,而處理這樣的符號絲毫不比翻譯更節省時間。我們建議作者將不需要翻譯的內容包括符號盡可能刪去,這樣將使得字數統計更加合理。
    問:是否可以一邊編寫原稿,一邊翻譯?
    答:請在定稿之后再翻譯。您可能希望盡快啟動翻譯項目,所以在起草過程中就讓譯者開始翻譯,但實際上這樣做往往比等原文定稿后再翻譯費時更多,費用也更高,而且很可能更麻煩。更糟糕的是:原稿修改的版次越多,則最終譯文出錯的可能性就越大。
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    問:為何每家翻譯公司的報價不一樣?
    答:大家都知道一分價格一分貨,在翻譯行業里更為突出,譯員的水平是劃分等級的。新開的翻譯公司或不具備翻譯資質的公司為了搶占市場,惡意攪亂,以次充好,低價吸引客戶。
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